عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In the middle of year l 383, universities and research institutions of Iran regained their independence. According to article 49 of the forth plan act, the financial and administration affairs of universities will be directed by approved boards of trustee's regulations , starting at the beginning of year 1384. These legal facilities provide the best opportunity for chief executives of universities and research institutions in order to change old financial and administration systems and establish the new structures. As a matter of fact, the big challenge that universities’ managers are facing during this time, is to find ways to accommodate and exploit changes. The concepts of empowerment and innovation summarize many of the current ways management is doing this. Empowerment involves requiring all staff to make decisions that will produce desired results. Innovation involves encouraging staff to continuously improve products and services and reduce their cost. Empowerment and innovation emphasize mainly obtaining results and often reducing controls. In short, if universities use all aspects of these legal facilities and solve their problems, we can consider it as an opportunity, otherwise it is assumed to be a threat.