عنوان مقاله [English]
The ministry of economic affairs and finance with cooperation of supreme audit court, managers, and comptrollers has provided a new public finance bill to be introduced in Islamic parliament of Iran. The bill will be considered as the fifth public finance law since the advent of legislature in Iran if enacted by the parliament. Legislation of laws in Iran such as the mentioned law is usually based on trial and error method in which the previous law forms the basis of revision. Then, the redundant articles are deleted and the necessary new articles which are originated from the weaknesses of previous law are added. Whereas, the present author believes that the public finance law should result from the process of reviewing the same laws in developed countries, extracting the fundamental decrees and customizing them to obtain a proper pattern for preparing the new public finance bill.
Since the author’s recommended methodology is not applied in preparing the draft of public finance bill, the author has used a comparative research methodology in this paper to compare key decrees of current public finance act and the new public finance bill. The results reveal the fact that on the one hand, the bill has some similarities and differences with the present act, but on the other hand, it has some capabilities and deficiencies.