عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this research is the consideration of the relation between suppliers' and customers' bargaining power and accounting conservatism. In this research it is expressed that in order to protect their interest, the suppliers and customers try to appreciate Firms to increase conservatism in financial reporting. Instead, the Firms try to withstand to demand of suppliers and customers for accounting conservatism, because of inappropriate image of company shown by conservatism. If the company has more power of bargaining than suppliers and customers, then it will have less sensitivity against suppliers' and customers' demand of accounting conservatism. Otherwise the company has to use more conservatism policies in its financial reporting. Empirical analysis uses data from the 1826 Firms-year during the period 1381 to 1390 indicate that there are significant positive relationship between the bargaining power of suppliers and customers with accounting conservatism. Also, the results revealed, the company's dependence on raw materials and the quality of after-sale services durable goods producers to reduce the bargaining power of the company and increase the conservatives in the aftermath of the financial reporting will have; In addition, the company's industrial activities that have high barriers to entry, the bargaining power of firms increases and decreases the level of conservatism of financial reporting. Overall, the results indicated that the company's suppliers and customers who have higher bargaining power, Companies have the ability to dictate the terms of trade, and in this situation, conservative accounting firms to demand from them will be more sensitive.